Common Snakes of Virginia: Virginia has many different habitats to offer any wildlife but it seems to be one of the best environments for snakes, with a number of different species (both venomous and non-venomous) recorded here.
There are mountainous regions alongside arid plateaus, and there are plenty of forests too, a particular favorite for many snake species and subspecies. With ridge-line peaks, ridge-flats up high, and even valleys with farmland and vegetation,
there’s plenty of places for a snake to hide. And it’s pretty too.
Call the below number for snake removal help in your area:
Arlington/Alexandria/Fairfax County: 703-881-3164
Here are the common snakes of Virginia:
Norfolk/Virginia Beach: 757-690-7630
A “widespread and ubiquitous” snake, you can find this animal virtually anywhere from highly populated residential areas to grassy fields, trash dumps, stone walls, lakes and other water-logged areas (for their prey) and even in city cemeteries and parks.
The Corn Snake is another example of a rat snake, and is another common species found within Illinois although more commonly as pets.
This snake is often confused with another snake commonly found in Virginia - the Eastern Rat Snake, and another subspecies - the Black Rat Snake.
You may also spot the Plain Belly Water Snake, Northern Red Belly Snake and Brown Water Snake in Virginia although these are less common.
Northern Brown Snake
This subspecies of brown snake is one that eats snails, slugs and earthworms as well as other bugs or beetles. This means your back yard is the perfect five star restaurant, one reason why you may spot this snake on your property. Measuring only around twelve inches or so, you may never see this small snake, a grey or brown color with a centre border that’s lighter in color.
Eastern Worm Snake
If you can find wetlands and woodlands, preferably a happy combination of the two close together, you may encounter an eastern worm snake, a snake that also seems to like the grasslands situated in close proximity to forests and woodlands. Burrowing underground is generally where you’ll find them although they do verge overground at times. If you’ve got rotten wood in your yard, or rocks, leaves, logs and other garden debris, you may find one of these, hunting for prey including worms, slugs, snails, earthworms, and other bugs you’ll commonly find in your back yard.
This one looks a little bit like the humble corn snake, the snake commonly kept as pets. Although very similar, this snake isn’t quite as docile as it’s corn-cousin. You may also see a number of other kingsnakes including:
- Eastern Kingsnake
- Eastern Black Kingsnake
- Scarlet Kingsnake
Eastern Smooth Earth
This is one of the smallest snakes you’ll come across, only getting to about thirteen inches in length, and it’ll actually do you a favor if you leave it to its own devices. Often found in loose soil and leaves, they eat things like earthworms and beetles, keeping insects down in your yard. As well as these common snakes of Virginia, you may also find the following less-common snake species recorded in the state:
- Eastern Mudsnake
- Rainbow Snake
- Rough Earth
- Northern Rough Greensnake
- Smooth Greensnake
- Red Cornsnake
- Northern Pinesnake
- Glossy Crayfish Snake
- Queen Snake
- South Eastern Crown
- Common Ribbonsnake
- Mountain Earth
Venomous Snakes of Virginia
All three venomous snakes of Virginia are pit vipers - the Northern Copperhead, Timber (or Canebrake) Rattlesnake, and the Eastern Cottonmouth.
For more information, go to my Snake Removal - How to Get Rid of Snakes home page.