Common Snakes of South Carolina: South Carolina is a state that offers coastal plains alongside rivers, plateaus and sea islands along with a subtropical and humid climate, all things the average snake needs to thrive. Bordering Georgia, a state home to many different species of snake, you can imagine that many of them happily cross state borders. Many of the common snakes of South Carolina are the same as those in bordering states. There are 38 species of snake in this state, five of which are are venomous. These are:
- Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
- Timber Rattlesnake (Also known as Canebrake Rattlesnake)
- Pygmy Rattlesnake - Dusky & Carolina
Call the below number for snake removal help in your area:
Myrtle Beach: 843-325-2666
You may find this snake in your back yard looking a little bit like a twig. This is a defense mechanism. It places its body in a ‘kink’ position to look like a twig so predators will just leave it alone.
Next on the list is the humble brown snake, a snake that is very much a dirty or sluggish brown color. The belly is usually a touch lighter - an off-white or cream color, and you may occasionally find patches or diamond-shaped formations running along the length. If you have piles of garbage, litter or garden debris in your back yard, a brown snake might just be hiding beneath it. They love to eat the bugs that thrive in your back yard - snails, slugs and earthworms. Also coming under the same ‘brown snake’ species, you’ll find the Florida Redbelly and Northern Redbelly snakes in South Carolina but less commonly.
Eastern King Snake
The eastern king snake is a relatively popular and common snake among most of the United States but there are two other king snakes you’ll find in South Carolina - Mole King Snake and Scarlet King Snake. With their bright red, yellow, black and white markings, you’d think they were venomous snakes but they're not. They’re just mimicking the coral snake’s markings to ward off predators.
Rough Green Snake
As the name suggests, this snake is a green snake, normally quite bright in color (although shades do vary), well camouflaged for grassy areas which is where you’ll commonly find it. It’s a very thin snake but can grow to be quite long, as much as 45 inches, it’s an insect-eating snake that doesn’t constrict.
The list of water snakes found in South Carolina include:
- Redbelly Water
- Banded Water
- Florida Green
- Midland Water
- Northern Water
- Brown Water
Eastern Smooth Earth
A snake that seems to be popular in many places across the USA including Ohio and Virginia, the eastern smooth earth snake is a small snake, only about 10-13 inches long, and can often be found in residential back gardens because of their love for earthworms, beetles and other bugs, all of which are easily spotted in the average flower patch.
Although these are the most common snakes of South Carolina, there are many more to add to the list, and the following have all been recorded in the state:
- Northern Ringneck
- Southern Ringneck
- Eastern Worm
- Eastern Mud Snake
- Rainbow Snake
- Eastern Milk
- Eastern Coachwhip
- Pine Snake
- Glossy Crayfish Snake (also Illinois)
- Queen Snake
- Pine Woods Snake
- Carolina Swamp Snake
- Southeastern Crowned
- Peninsula Ribbon
- Eastern Ribbon
- Rough Earth